History of Cairo


Founded in AD 969  by Fatimid dynasty, the ancient city of Cairo is among the most interesting, indulging and fascinating cities in the world, offering a peek into the past of Egypt and the rest of the Africa and showcasing the rich culture and history that stretched till 17th century. The oldest structure in the city, Babylon Fortress was built in1st century by the Romans and ever since, the city is developing itself to become one of the most successful destinations in the world. The heavenly delight for archaeologists and history lovers who take cheap flights to Cairo from London every now and then, Egyptian capital gives an immense pleasure as well as deep insight about the various dynasties ruled over the city and the rest of the country for centuries.

With roots associated to the settlement of Memphis and ruling tenure of King Menes, the city came into existence and became a habitat place for locals who made the city liveable in the middle of the desert. In 10th century, a new era of peace and prosperity was introduced when all the large scale constructions begun in the city and most of the historical monuments were constructed including Al-Azhar Mosque followed by the spice markets in El-Khalili street which further became the centre of trade in the city, bringing better exposure to Cairo and a opened a new option of both tourism and trade in Egyptian capital.

In 12th century, Saladin, the first sultan of Egypt brought a new era of prosperity by introducing relevance of constructing more building and architectures. In 13th century, Mamaluks took the power in their hand and made Cairo as the centre of the country as well as a prominent place for Islamic religion. The era of Mamaluks ran for about 4 centuries when Ottomans took over the country and took the title of the capital from Cairo and was given to Constantinople, yet there were many natural calamities that struck the city several times, killing thousands of people. In three centuries, many heroic incidents took place including the obstruction of Napoleon to conquer the country and a new era of peace and prosperity introduced by Muhammad Ali Pasha.

Introducing the modern Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha brought many new reforms to boost the resources and the economy of Egypt and ensured a massive construction in near future. The construction pattern which was thoroughly influenced from then Paris, was suggested with broad boulevards, clear roads and many plazas for commercial activities.

Afterwards, the British colonial system struck the country and occupied in 1882 onwards which lasted till 1922 when a huge amount of protest from local busted on the streets. Yet, colonial dominance kept Egypt under British rule for another 30 years and revolution came out in 1952. That was the time when the iconic city Nassar came into existence with great structures and systematic economy system with stability, which soon became the new Islamic hub of the region and the most prosperous city in the Africa.

The rest is very well versed among us and now the city of Cairo has become one of the most fascinating subjects for travellers who are taking flights to Cairo from London, UK every now and to explore the history, heritage, culture, culinary and more in the Egyptian capital. Now a days, all the history mentioned above is exhibited in the various museums of the city that you should visit after you take direct flight to Cairo from London.

Each year, thousands of archaeologists take tickets to Cairo museum and explore the history and heritage of Cairo and the rest of the Egypt. The city that is among the finest tourist hub round-the-year, is now bustling from the crowd from all around including the Europe, Asia, Africa, United States, Middle-East and South-East Asia. As a result, all major and minor international airlines offering huge discounts and special offers on cheap flights to Cairo.

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